Why Abortion Should Be Legal


Abortion has long been a contentious issue in society, with some viewing it as a moral imperative, while others view it as one of the most controversial forms of murder. For years, abortion existed in a grey area without legal protection in several regions. Laws were passed, however, recognizing the need for fair protection. Although there remains resistance, the right to bodily autonomy prevails, and so this essay shall focus on the legal and socio-economic arguments in favor of this right.

The Moral Imperative: Examining the Ethical Arguments for Legalizing Abortion

Abortion is a topic of fervid debate, with moral implications at the forefront of each side’s argument. Those against abortion and for life believe that from conception, a fetus is already life itself, and taking that away would be a sin. Meanwhile, those for choice believe a woman deserves the right of bodily autonomy. Historically, societies and religions have looked at abortion differently without necessarily adhering to universal dogma. The essay analyzes why these stances—for and against—have emerged and why protecting the right of choice is paramount to a free society.

The Health Risks of Illegal Abortions: A Case for Legalization

For those who have had to go through an illegal abortion, this can cause numerous medical challenges. In places where abortion is illegal or not properly protected by law, women are forced to resort to unsafe and dangerous procedures. For instance, Malen Bracho died when she went for an illegal abortion in Panama City; she, however, could have been saved if the laws allowed for safer procedures. Such are some examples of the dire consequences women face when abortion rights can’t be exercised, and these risks make the case for access to safe abortion crucial.

Abortion and Women’s Autonomy: A Point of View

Being able to make decisions about their bodies is crucial for women, who have faced significant challenges concerning reproductive rights. Autonomy means having authority over their own possessions and their bodies, so it’s no surprise the lack of protection for this right causes frustration. It’s crucial that women have the right to make decisions concerning their pregnancy, especially because doing otherwise would take that right of choice away and curtail women’s autonomy.

The Economic Impact of Legalizing Abortion: A Compelling Argument

The argument in favor of expanded access to legal abortion also factors in finances and economics. When abortions are dangerous or illegal, individuals will pay more – financially, socially, and or in their mental and physical states. Lower income families face severe financial difficulties concerning the care of a child who was unwanted – these stretch from healthcare difficulties to education and opportunities. Access to safe and legal abortions is beneficial on various fronts, including reducing medical costs associated with high-risk pregnancies and unwanted conception, preventing child care costs and ensuring that families aren’t exposed to avoidable financial burdens.

Religious Freedom and Abortion: Why Legalization is Constitutional

Religious groups have generally opposed the legality of abortion, citing beliefs that supporting it would be against divine will. This dogma, however, has been debunked through legal and constitutional proceedings, with the Supreme Court ruling that women deserve the constitutional right to protect their healthcare. The government has a duty to ensure people’s right to religious freedom is not violated, which includes a woman’s right to choose.

Abortion Legislation and Human Rights: A Legal Perspective on Legalization

The issue of abortion has long been viewed as a critical aspect of human rights. International Human Rights Documents are not uniform about the protection of abortion rights. Such is the case with legal pregnancies that pose a threat to the woman’s life, where in some regions, the woman would be forced to carry the pregnancy to term regardless of the dangers to their health. The legalization of abortion offers necessary protection to pregnant women and ensures the law takes adequate action to enforce human rights protection.


Legalizing abortion offers crucial protections to women, both from a legal and human perspective. Women need the right to make choices that affect their bodies; choice translates into freedom and autonomy over their lives, which are essential aspects that need to be protected if societies are to be just and free. Legalizing abortion also lowers risk and increases access to medical care, thus removing the severe financial boulders that endanger families’ social and economic prospects. Finally, while it is important to acknowledge the resistance ahead of comprehensive reproductive health care, societies that embrace choice will always be inherently and holistically stronger.

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