A Complete Guide to Syria’s Bordering Countries: An Analysis of Their Political, Social, and Economic Dynamics and Their Role in the Syrian Civil War


Syria is a Middle Eastern country that has been through a lot of turmoil in the past decade. The country’s geopolitical dynamics have further complicated the situation. Understanding Syria’s borders and its neighboring nations’ roles play a significant role in understanding the country’s past, present, and future. This article seeks to provide readers with a complete guide to Syria’s bordering countries, their political, social, economic dynamics and their role in the Syrian Civil War.

A Complete Guide to Syria’s Bordering Countries

Syria shares borders with five countries: Turkey, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan, and Israel. Let’s take a closer look at each of these nations.


Turkey has a 822-kilometer border with Syria, making it of great strategic importance concerning the Syrian conflict. The two nations have a long and complex history, and this often reflects in their current relations. Turkey played a primary role in supporting opposition groups in Syria and providing safe havens and support to anti-government rebels. This support stems from Turkey’s desire to curb a possible resurgence of Kurdish separatism that could have emanated from the Syrian conflict.


Lebanon is a country with a fragile political and social system that was heavily affected by the Syrian Civil War. The countries share a 375-kilometer border, which has been problematic with the presence of rebel groups and Syrian refugees. Lebanon played an important role in supporting opposition groups and provided aid to refugees who fled the country.


Syria and Iraq share a 599-kilometer border that has been highly volatile in recent years. The border was often used by militants to cross between the two countries. The Syrian Civil War had destabilized the region, creating a security vacuum that allowed ISIS to expand in both countries.


Jordan shares a 375-kilometer border with Syria, and the two countries have a complicated history. Jordan has provided support to anti-government rebels and provided aid to refugees. The Jordanian government has been relatively stable in recent years, with little direct involvement in the Syrian Civil War.


Israel has a 76-kilometer border with Syria that has been relatively quiet in recent years. Israel has provided humanitarian aid to injured refugees, and there have been reports of limited Israeli support to anti-government rebels. The relationship between the two nations has been hostile in the past, but there has been little direct involvement in the Syrian conflict.

Syria’s Neighboring Countries and Their Role in the Syrian Civil War

The Syrian Civil War has been highly affected by the activities of its neighboring countries. Let’s take an in-depth look at how the neighboring countries impacted the Syrian conflict.

Turkey’s involvement in support of the opposition

Turkey has been accused of providing aid to anti-government rebels and safe havens for opposition forces. The country’s relations with Syria were strained even before the conflict as Turkey has a significant Kurdish population. Therefore, it was worried that the conflict would lead to a resurgence of Kurdish separatism. Turkey was one of the first nations to support the Syrian opposition and has continued to play an active role in the conflict.

Iran and Russia’s support for the Syrian regime

Iran and Russia have been strong allies of Syria and have provided extensive support to the Syrian regime. Iran has provided military and financial aid, while Russia has provided military support and diplomatic cover. The two nations have been accused of supporting the government’s crackdown on anti-government protesters and opposition fighters.

The role of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and other Gulf countries in financing and arming opposition groups

Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and other Gulf states have been accused of providing financial aid and weapons to anti-government rebels. They have been in outright opposition to the Syrian government and have sought to oust President Bashar Al-Assad. Their support has complicated the Syrian crisis, prolonging the conflict for more than ten years.

Syria’s Borders: Historical Context and Implications for Contemporary Foreign Relations

Syria’s borders have a complicated historical context that has often impacted the country’s foreign relations. Let’s explore this in detail.

Historical background on Syria’s borders and how it has evolved over the years

Syria’s borders have been through numerous changes over the years, with the most significant ones being a result of World War I and the subsequent collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The country’s modern borders were established in 1946 after achieving independence from France. They share a long and porous border, which has posed several challenges for the Syrian government.

Implications of the borders for contemporary foreign relations

Syria’s borders have continued to be of geopolitical importance for the Middle East, with many nations vying for influence in the region. Let’s explore this in detail.

Relations with Turkey, Israel, Lebanon, and Iraq

Syria’s relations with its neighbors have been complicated over the years. Turkey has often been accused of meddling in Syria’s internal affairs, while Israel and Syria have been in a state of war since 1967. Iraq’s instability has spillover effects that have complicated the relationship between the two nations. On the other hand, Lebanon has a long-standing French influence, like Syria, and shares many historical ties, so they have often had a cooperative relationship.

Borders and the Syrian Civil War

Syria’s borders were highly affected by the Syrian Civil War, with rebels and refugees fleeing to neighboring nations. This has complicated relations with these countries, leading to additional challenges for the Syrian government.

Syrian refugees and border closures

Syria’s war led to an influx of displaced persons, with millions fleeing to neighboring nations. This has posed an enormous challenge for these communities, with refugees facing discrimination, poor living conditions, and limited access to jobs, healthcare, and education. Therefore some nations have closed their borders to Syrian refugees, creating a humanitarian crisis.

The Impact of Syria’s Borders on the Syrian Refugee Crisis

Syria’s borders have posed significant challenges for Syrian refugees, let’s investigate it further.

The Syrian refugee crisis in Lebanon, Turkey, and Jordan

The Syrian civil war led to the displacement of millions of Syrians, with many seeking refuge in Turkey, Lebanon, and Jordan. Neighboring nations have struggled to deal with such a massive influx of refugees, creating a humanitarian crisis.

Border restrictions and its impact on refugees

Many nations have imposed restrictions on Syrian refugees, leading to increased hardship for those fleeing the war. There have been numerous reports of refugees facing discrimination and living in poor conditions, with limited access to basic amenities such as food, shelter, and healthcare.

The humanitarian impact of border closures

Border closures have led to a humanitarian crisis, with displaced persons facing numerous challenges, including hunger, displacement, discrimination, and a lack of basic amenities. The UN has been working to provide aid and support to these populations, but there are still significant challenges to be overcome.

Syria at Crossroads: Geostrategic Importance of Its Borders and Implications on International Politics

Syria’s borders also have implications for international politics. Let’s explore this further.

The strategic importance of the Mediterranean coastline

The Syrian coast plays an essential role in trade, shipping, and fisheries activities in the eastern Mediterranean. This makes it geopolitically important, with several nations vying for influence in the region.

Syria and the Middle East alliances

Syria has been a critical player in the Middle Eastern region, with several alliances and conflicts with neighboring nations. The country’s borders play a significant role in this dynamic, given its history and geopolitical context.

Future implications for global relations

As a result of its strategic location, Syria’s borders will continue to be of immense importance for the region and global politics. Its neighbors’ actions and activity, both positive and negative, will continue to impact Syria’s politics, economy, and society.


Syria’s geopolitical context makes its borders an essential area of study for policymakers, aid organizations, and other stakeholders. This complete guide to Syria’s bordering countries has provided an in-depth analysis of the political, social, economic dynamics, and their role in the Syrian Civil War. Understanding the neighbors’ relations with Syria and their impact on its politics, economy, and society is crucial for resolving the conflict, ensuring the well-being of refugees and promoting regional stability.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Proudly powered by WordPress | Theme: Courier Blog by Crimson Themes.