How to use your Inhaler correctly: A Comprehensive Guide


An inhaler is a medical device used to help people manage their respiratory diseases, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It delivers medicine directly to the lungs, which helps open up the airways. Knowing how to use an inhaler correctly is essential to get the most benefit from the medicine it contains and avoid any potential side effects.

Step-by-step Instructions

Before using an inhaler, you must make sure that it is prepared correctly. Remove the cap from the mouthpiece and shake the inhaler well. If it is a new inhaler, make sure to prime it by spraying it three to four times away from your face.

The next step is to stand up or sit up straight. Hold the inhaler with your index finger placed on the top and your thumb on the bottom. Breathe out fully. Then, place the mouthpiece into your mouth and close your lips around it, making sure to keep your tongue flat.

Press down on the inhaler and breathe in slowly and deeply through your mouth for around three to five seconds. Hold your breath for about ten seconds to allow the medication to reach deep into your lungs. If you need to take another dose, wait for about a minute before repeating the steps.

After using the inhaler, rinse your mouth with water and spit it out. Clean the mouthpiece with a dry cloth or tissue and re-cap it.

Visual Aids

Visual aids can help people understand proper inhaler technique. Many manufacturers include detailed instructions and diagrams with their inhalers. Healthcare professionals may also use videos or interactive tools to show patients the right way to use inhalers. If you have any concerns about using the device, you should ask your doctor or pharmacist to demonstrate inhaler technique for you.

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

The most common mistake people make when using an inhaler is not breathing in deeply enough. Some people also exhale too quickly or forget to hold their breath for long enough. These errors can prevent the medication from reaching the lungs, rendering the inhaler ineffective.

To avoid these mistakes, take slow breaths and hold them for a few seconds before exhaling. You can also practice your inhaler technique in front of a mirror to make sure you are doing it correctly.

When to Use an Inhaler

People with respiratory conditions use inhalers to treat symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest tightness, or wheezing. Some common conditions that require inhaler use include asthma, COPD, and emphysema.

If you experience any of the above symptoms, talk to your doctor about whether an inhaler could help you manage your symptoms. It’s also vital to note that inhalers are for relief, not prevention. If you’re using an inhaler frequently, it may be time to talk to your doctor about other treatments to manage your symptoms.

Different Types of Inhalers

There are three main types of inhalers: dry powder inhalers, metered-dose inhalers, and nebulizers. A dry powder inhaler requires a deep and fast inhalation to deliver medication, while a metered-dose inhaler requires a slow and deep inhalation. Nebulizers use air compressors to transform liquid medicine into a mist, which can then be inhaled via a special device.

It is crucial to use the correct technique for each type of inhaler as the instructions for each one can differ. Be sure to read and follow the instructions provided with your inhaler carefully.


Knowing how to use an inhaler correctly can help you manage your respiratory condition effectively. We hope this guide has given you a clear idea of the steps to follow when using your inhaler, as well as information on common mistakes and how to avoid them. Remember, if you are unsure of how to use the inhaler, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. They can help you understand the correct use of your inhaler.

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