Understanding and Managing Vertigo: Home Remedies, Medications and More


Vertigo is a common issue that affects a significant number of people worldwide. It is the feeling of spinning or dizziness, which can be mild or severe and can cause problems in someone’s day-to-day life. Dizziness can be caused by several factors, and in this article, we’ll discuss remedies and medications to manage vertigo symptoms while also understanding the causes and preventative measures that can reduce your risk of developing vertigo.

Understanding Vertigo

Vertigo can be caused by various factors like an issue within the inner ear, which is essential in maintaining balance, or the brain’s part responsible for maintaining balance. The common conditions that affect the inner ear are BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo), Meniere’s disease, and vestibular neuronitis. The common issue in the brain that can cause vertigo is a stroke or any growth in the brain like a tumor.

The symptoms of vertigo include lightheadedness, dizziness, a spinning sensation, nausea and vomiting, and imbalance. According to the International Classification of Vestibular Disorders (ICVD), there are two main types of vertigo: peripheral and central. Peripheral vertigo is caused by disorders in the inner ear, whereas central vertigo is caused by issues in the brainstem, cerebellum, or cerebral cortex.

Home Remedies for Vertigo

Several home remedies can alleviate or reduce the symptoms of vertigo. Modifying a person’s diet and staying hydrated can significantly help. Cutting down on caffeine and alcohol is essential as it may trigger vertigo symptoms, and getting enough sleep is also important. Essential oils like ginger, peppermint, and lavender can help with nausea.

Specific exercises like the Epley maneuver can help prevent the symptoms of vertigo. This is a series of movements that need to be performed to reposition the canals of the inner ear, which help maintain balance.

Medication Options for Vertigo

There are various medications available to alleviate symptoms of vertigo. Antihistamines like Betahistine can help reduce the symptoms of vertigo by improving blood flow in the inner ear. Anticholinergics like Scopolamine are also used to treat vertigo by decreasing the activity of the vestibular system in the inner ear. Alprazolam and Diazepam are the most commonly used benzodiazepines that help relax the muscles of the inner ear.

Preventative measures for Vertigo

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and good balance is essential for preventing vertigo. Regular exercise like yoga, Tai Chi, and swimming can help improve balance and reduce stress. When it comes to footwear, it’s always good to wear appropriate shoes with proper grip and support to avoid accidental falls and injuries.

Comprehensive Treatment for Vertigo

Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT) focuses on rehabilitating the vestibular system responsible for keeping balance. This technique involves exercises like the Canalith Repositioning Maneuver (CRM) and Habituation exercises that help to train the person’s brain to adapt to various movements. Surgery is an option for people with severe symptoms of vertigo, but it’s advisable to seek a doctor’s help before opting for surgery.


Vertigo is a manageable condition, and there are various remedies available that can help alleviate the symptoms. However, it’s crucial to know the causes and preventive measures that help reduce the risk of developing vertigo. Managing vertigo symptoms can vastly improve the quality of life, and seeking medical advice is essential if the symptoms persist. By following these remedies and preventive measures, the impact of vertigo symptoms can be minimized, and one can lead a healthy and happy life.

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