How to Stop a Toothache: Natural Remedies, Medications, and Preventive Dental Care


Do you know the feeling of having constant pain in your teeth? That throbbing sensation can be enough to make you miserable and disrupt your daily activities. Toothache is a very common problem that affects people of all ages and can occur due to various reasons, including tooth decay, infection, gum disease, or injury. However, the good news is that toothache can be treated and prevented through adopting certain habits. This article aims to provide you with comprehensive information on how to stop a toothache through natural remedies, proper dental hygiene, and medications, and when to seek professional help.

Natural Remedies for Toothache Relief

If you are looking for natural remedies to ease your toothache, then you are not alone. Many people prefer natural remedies over medication to avoid the potential side-effects and achieve relief. There are different home remedies you can try to alleviate the pain, such as:

  • Using clove oil: clove oil contains eugenol that helps to reduce inflammation and has anesthetic properties. You can either soak a cotton ball with a few drops of clove oil and apply it to the affected area or use a mouthwash with clove oil.
  • Rinsing with saltwater: adding a tablespoon of salt in a glass of warm water and swishing it in your mouth for 30 seconds can help to reduce swelling and kill bacteria.
  • Using tea bags: wet a tea bag in warm water, squeeze it, and hold it against the affected area for several minutes. The tannins in tea have astringent properties that can alleviate the pain.
  • Applying an ice pack: placing an ice pack on your cheek adjacent to the affected tooth can reduce inflammation and numb the area.

It is essential to note that you should use these remedies moderately and under supervision. Also, if your toothache persists, it might signify deeper issues, and you should seek professional help immediately.

Medications That Work Best Against Toothache

If your toothache is severe, you might need pain-relieving medication to get relief. There are over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription drugs that can help manage toothache pain:

  • Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): medicines like ibuprofen or aspirin reduce inflammation and reduce pain.
  • Acetaminophen: also known as paracetamol, this medication can alleviate moderate pain and is safe for people with stomach ulcers or bleeding disorders.
  • Desensitizing toothpaste: if your toothache is due to sensitivity, using toothpaste containing potassium nitrate or strontium chloride can help relieve the pain.
  • Prescription medication: if your toothache is due to an infection or abscess, your dentist might prescribe antibacterial medications, like amoxicillin or metronidazole, to fight the infection.

However, it is crucial to note that these medications have side-effects and should be taken only in moderation and as prescribed by a healthcare professional. You should also be wary of drug interactions if you take multiple medicines for different conditions. Before using any medication, always consult your dentist or doctor and follow their recommendations strictly.

The Importance of Hygiene to Avoid Toothache

Preventing toothache starts with adopting good dental hygiene habits. Proper oral care can reduce the risk of infections, cavities, and gum disease that can lead to toothache. To maintain optimum dental health, you should:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride-based toothpaste.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque and food particles stuck between teeth.
  • Use mouthwash as it can reduce plaque, fight bacteria, and freshen breath.
  • Avoid smoking, chewing tobacco, and excessive alcohol consumption as these habits can increase the risk of dental problems.

Moreover, following a healthy diet rich in nutrients like calcium, vitamin D, and phosphorus, can also help to keep your teeth healthy and strong. Good nutrition can support healthy gum tissues and optimal saliva production, protecting against tooth decay, and gum disease.

Tips on Preventive Dental Care

Preventive care plays a significant role in maintaining good dental health and preventing toothache. Besides following good oral hygiene habits, we should regularly visit dental professionals for checkups and preventive care services such as:

  • Dental cleanings.
  • X-rays to detect problems not visible during physical exams.
  • Fluoride treatments to strengthen teeth.
  • Dental sealants or fillings to repair early-stage cavities before they grow worse.
  • Oral cancer screenings.

We should also pay attention to our lifestyles, such as avoiding teeth grinding and using protective gear when playing sports or engaging in hazardous activities that can cause dental trauma. By adopting these simple tips, we can significantly improve our dental health and prevent painful toothache episodes.

When to See a Dentist

While some toothache can be managed with home remedies, medication, and preventive care, some cases require immediate attention by a dental professional. If you experience symptoms such as:

  • Swelling on your face, cheeks, or gums
  • High fever, difficulty breathing, or swallowing
  • Bleeding, pus, or foul-tasting discharge from your gums or teeth
  • Severe and persistent toothache lasting for more than two days.

These symptoms might signify a severe dental problem that requires prompt intervention by a dentist. In addition, people who suffer from other health conditions that affect their dental health should consult their doctors and dentists to come up with personalized treatment plans as needed.

The Relation Between Toothache and Different Health Conditions

Several medical conditions can affect your dental health and lead to toothache. Some of these medical problems include:

  • Sinusitis: inflammation in the sinuses can cause pain in the upper rear teeth.
  • Gum disease: an infection of the gums that can cause them to recede and expose the tooth root, leading to toothache and sensitivity.
  • Dry mouth: a condition where the mouth doesn’t produce enough saliva, causing dryness and the risk of cavities and gum disease.
  • Bruxism: a condition where people grind or clench their teeth, putting excessive pressure on the teeth and causing pain and sensitivity.

If you suspect you have a medical condition that affects your dental health, you should speak with your doctor and dentist to determine the best course of treatment.


Toothache can cause severe discomfort and affect individuals’ daily lives. However, adopting proper hygiene habits, practicing preventive care, and seeking professional help can help manage and prevent toothache episodes. This article provided you with useful information on natural remedies, medications, tips on preventive care, when to see a dentist, and the relation between toothache and different health conditions to guide you on the path towards maintaining good dental health. Remember that prevention is always better than cure and that taking the proper measures towards dental health can save you a lot of pain and costs in the long run.

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